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who, after the capture of that town, was driven by the storm that separated the Greek fleet, onto the coast of Cyprus. The inhabitants of Marion were probably also transferred to this new city after its destruction in 312 BC by Ptolemy. 2, 3) records a visit of the youthful Titus to Paphos before he acceded to the empire, who inquired with much curiosity into its history and antiquities. Paphos Archaeological Park covers most of the important ancient Greek and Roman City and is a UNESCO World Heritage site for its outstanding ancient remains.A hoard of unused silver coins (in the Cyprus museum) found under the Hellenistic House and dating to the end of the 4th c. 26, Epistle 91) that Paphos was nearly destroyed by an earthquake, it is difficult to say to which of the towns he refers. 23) relates that it was restored by Augustus, and called "Augusta" in his honour; but though this name has been preserved in inscriptions, it never supplanted the ancient one in popular use. The most significant remains so far discovered are four large and elaborate Roman villas: the House of Dionysos, the House of Orpheus, the House of Aion and the House of Theseus, all with superb preserved mosaic floors.The city and its port continued to decline throughout the Middle Ages and Ottoman Rule, as Nicosia, and the port city of Larnaca was gaining in importance.The city and district continued to lose population throughout the British colonial period and many of its inhabitants moved to Limassol, Nicosia and overseas.The city and district of Paphos remained the most underdeveloped part of the island until 1974.Following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, there was rapid economic activity in all fields, especially tourism in the Kato Paphos area.The current city of Paphos lies on the Mediterranean coast, about 50 km (30 mi) west of Limassol (the biggest port on the island), which has an A6 highway connection.
Female figurines and charms found in the immediate vicinity date as far back as the early third millennium.Their power and authority were very great; but it may be inferred from certain inscriptions that they were controlled by a senate and an assembly of the people. The remains of the vast sanctuary of Aphrodite are still discernible, its circumference marked by huge foundation walls.After its destruction by an earthquake it was rebuilt by Vespasian, on whose coins it is represented, as well as on earlier and later ones, and especially in the style on those of Septimius Severus. § 2.) An Agapenor was mentioned as king of the Paphians in a Greek distich preserved in the Analecta; In reality it was probably founded by Nicocles, the last king of Palaepaphos, based on an inscription recording his founding of the temple of Artemis Agrotera at Nea Paphos. 5.) Under this name the historian doubtless included the ancient as well as the more modern city: and among other traits of the worship of the temple he records, with something like surprise, that the only image of the goddess was a pyramidal stone.The Greek names of two ancient kings, Etevandros and Akestor, are attested in Cypriot syllabary on objects of seventh century BC found in Kourion. 14), her worship was introduced to Paphos from Syria; but much more probably it was of Phoenician origin.Before it was proved by archaeology it was understood that the cult of Aphrodite had been established before the time of Homer (c.